Jacob 2:5-6 — LeGrand Baker — meaning of ‘heart’

Jacob 2:5-6 — LeGrand Baker — meaning of ‘heart’

Jacob 2:5-6
5   But behold, hearken ye unto me, and know that by the help of the all-powerful Creator of heaven and earth I can tell you concerning your thoughts, how that ye are beginning to labor in sin, which sin appeareth very abominable unto me, yea, and abominable unto God.
6   Yea, it grieveth my soul and causeth me to shrink with shame before the presence of my Maker, that I must testify unto you concerning the wickedness of your hearts.

The scriptures frequently attest to the fact that the Lord knows our thoughts, and because he does, he may tell the prophets. ( Luke 5:22; Alma 12:7; 18:20, 32 )

7   But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart (1 Samuel 16:7).

Communication by thought, rather than by word, seems to be a norm among the gods and angels, and it possible also among the prophets and between the prophets and others. So it is not unusual that Jacob could know the thoughts of the people.

That is not the thing which struck me about these verses. Rather it was the words, “I must testify unto you concerning the wickedness of your hearts.”

Some “code words” in the scriptures are that because they are used by the authors to represent ideas with great meaning (like “mountain” and “path”). Others are “code words” because the English language has changed, so we no longer read the word in the same way it was read when the translators put it into the Biblical text Since the Book of Mormon carefully uses words the same way the Bible does, that statement applies to Book of Mormon words as well. One of the most important of this latter kind is the word “heart.”

The scriptures speak of God’s heart, in much the same way it speaks of ours:

17   What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? (Job 7:17)

11   The counsel of the LORD standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all generations. (Psalms 33:11)

About our hearts, it says,

2   And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and shalt obey his voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul; (Deuteronomy 30:2)

12   Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul (Deuteronomy10:12).

Let your heart therefore be perfect with the LORD our God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his commandments, as at this day.

“Heart” may not be a code word, but it is a cultural word which has lost much of its meaning to us during the past 4 or 500 years. Consequently, we don’t know what it says, when we read it. For example the phrase “broken heart” (the thing which the Lord requires us to sacrifice) has little meaning to our culture except to imply that one is very sad. But that is not what it meant in Elizabeth’s day. “Heart” was one of the richest words in the language. It had to do with one’s physical feelings (to be hungry was to distress the heart); with one’s abilities and talents (being an artist or an artisan was a matter of the heart); it had to do with thinking, learning, and decision making; it also had to do with emotions ranging all the way from contempt and hatred, to love for God and his children.

In our culture, “love” is associated with the heat _ but “love” means everything from the highest feelings for God, to the lowest feelings of sexual lust, and all sorts of emotions in between. That was not so in the Elizabethian world in which the Bible was translated. Sexual lust was attributed to the liver. Notice in the following passage how the word “heart” is used, and in contrast, what is meant by “liver.”

My son, keep my words, and lay up my commandments with thee. Keep my commandments, and live; and my law as the apple of thine eye. Bind them upon thy fingers, write them upon the table of thine heart. Say unto wisdom, Thou art my sister; and call understanding thy kinswoman:That they may keep thee from the strange woman, from the stranger which flattereth with her words. For at the window of my house I looked through my casement,And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding, Passing through the street near her corner; and he went the way to her house, … So she caught him, and kissed him, and with an impudent face said unto him, … I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon. Come, let us take our fill of love until the morning: let us solace ourselves with loves. … He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks; Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it is for his life. … Her house is the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death. …. (Proverbs 7:1-27)

When Jacob is accusing the people of “the wickedness of your hearts,” his accusations are much more serious then just lust.

For my own sake, I have gone through the scriptures and looked at the use of the words “heart” and “hearts” (There are almost 1500 of them.), and made the following brief listing of the ways “heart” is used in the Old Testament before the time Lehi left Jerusalem. I include it here with a disclaimer and an apology. The disclaimer is that I’m not including it to try to impress you _ I have more respect for your opinion than to think it would do that, anyway. The apology is that it takes so much space. I will be surprised it you actually read it, but thought you might like to give it a quick look to see how important and how varied are the “thoughts and intents of the heart.”

The following is a sampling of the way the word “heart” is used in the Old Testament before 600 B.C. :

…wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work. (Exodus 35:35)

Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was toward Absalom. (2 Samuel 14:1)

Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. (1 Kings 11:2)

…whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to…. (Deuteronomy 29:18)

Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honour more than to myself? (Esther 6:6)

And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer… I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. (1 Kings 9:3)

Take heed to yourselves, that your heart be not deceived, and ye turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them; (Deuteronomy 11:16)

whose heart is as the heart of a lion… (2 Samuel 17:10)

The LORD is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit. (Psalms 34:18)

They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand. (Isaiah 44:18)

so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel (2 Samuel 15:6).

Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart. (Psalms 73:1)

Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. (Psalms 51:10)

And it came to pass afterward, that David’s heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul’s skirt. (1 Samuel 24:5)

Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the LORD he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else. (Deuteronomy 4:39)

And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say,… (Isaiah 44:19)

They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together (Psalms 74:8)

The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. (Psalms 51:17)

And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David (1 Kings 12:26)

If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord… (1 Kings 12:27)

Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the LORD. (Psalms 31:24)

if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled… (Leviticus 26:41)

Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked. (Deuteronomy 10:16)

…the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. (Deuteronomy 30:6)

If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbour’s door; (Job 31:9)

and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. (Genesis 8:21)

And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing… (Exodus 35:21)

And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee king (2 Chronicles 1:11)

therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. (2 Samuel

Thou hast given him his heart’s desire, and hast not withholden the request of his lips. (Psalms 21:2)

Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. (Psalms 37:4)

Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king,

that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.

He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten…(Psalms 10:11)

Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall

command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law. (Deuteronomy 32:46)

And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, (Deuteronomy 11:13)

…saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’s heart fainted, for he believed them not. (Genesis 45:26)

And wherefore discourage ye the heart of the children of Israel from going over into the land which the LORD hath given them? (Numbers 32:7)

I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared by reason of the disquietness of my heart. (Psalms 38:8)

Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken… (1 Samuel 25:36)

And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man’s heart. (Psalms 104:15)

The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords. (Psalms 55:21)

Forty years long was I grieved with this generation, and said, It is a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways (Psalms 95:10)

…neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart. (Jeremiah 3:17)

And give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to build the palace, for the which I have made provision. (1 Chronicles 29:19)

For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. (1 Kings 11:4)

and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us? (Genesis 42:28)

our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. (Joshua 2:11)

The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God…. (Psalms 14:1)

And the congregation brought in sacrifices and thank offerings; and as many as were of a free heart burnt offerings. (2 Chronicles 29:31)

And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give me thine hand. And he gave him his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot. (2 Kings 10:15)

if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; when he goeth abroad, he telleth it. (Psalms 41:6)

Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto. (Deuteronomy 15:10)

glad in his heart. (Exodus 4:14)

Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. (Psalms 16:9)

Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; (Deuteronomy 28:47)

Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them. (Psalms 62:10)

Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons? (1 Samuel 1:8)

And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age. (1 Samuel 2:33)

… he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people. (2 Chronicles 7:10)

And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. (Exodus 14:17)

Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness (Psalms 95:8)

lt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. (Leviticus 19:17)

My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart. (Job 17:11)

…that prepareth his heart to seek God, the LORD God of his fathers, though he be not cleansed according to the purification of the sanctuary. (2 Chronicles 30:19)

he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants. (2 Samuel 19:14)

I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that ye shall pass on… (Genesis 18:5)

Comfort thine heart with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your way. (Judges 19:5)

But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when he bindeth them. (Job 36:13)

every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. (Genesis 6:5)

and incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel. (Joshua 24:23)

And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments (1 Kings 9:4)

…integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this. (Genesis 20:5)

This day the LORD thy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and judgments: thou shalt therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. (Deuteronomy 26:16)

Now it is in mine heart to make a covenant with the LORD God of Israel, that his fierce wrath may turn away from us. (2 Chronicles 29:10)

And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever. (1 Samuel 2:35)

Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. (Psalms 4:4)

Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit. (Isaiah 65:14)

and I caused the widow’s heart to sing for joy. (Job 29:13)

these things hast thou hid in thine heart: I know that this is with thee. (Job 10:13)

Thou knowest all the wickedness which thine heart is privy to… (1 Kings 2:44)

and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all

the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you… (Joshua 23:14)

For thou hast hid their heart from understanding: therefore shalt thou not exalt them. (Job 17:4)

The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever. (Psalms 22:26)

The humble shall see this, and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God. (Psalms 69:32)

…to know whether ye love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul. (Deuteronomy 13:3)

thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thymight. (Deuteronomy6:5)

Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold. (Deuteronomy 17:17) MAKE A DECISION David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines… (1 Samuel 27:1)

So I gave them up unto their own hearts’ lust: and they walked in their own counsels. (Psalms 81:12)

I sleep, but my heart waketh: it is the voice of my beloved that knocketh, saying, Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, and my locks with the drops of the night. (Song of Solomon 5:2)

Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer. (Psalms 19:14)

and let thine heart be merry. (Judges 19:6)

Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief is in their hearts. (Psalms 28:3)

At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee. (Deuteronomy 24:15)

…made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. (Deuteronomy 2:30)

That he may incline our hearts unto him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, which he commanded our fathers. (1 Kings 8:58)

I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. (Psalms 22:14)

Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. Genesis 27:41)

And it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. (1 Kings 8:17)

Trust in him at all times; ye people, pour out your heart before him: God is a refuge for us. (Psalms 62:8)

Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so? (Esther 7:5)

That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left… (Deuteronomy 17:20)

I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. (1 Samuel 17:28)

He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. (Psalms 24:4)

therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before thee. (1 Chronicles 17:25)

…to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and

all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. (2 Kings 23:3)

And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? (Deuteronomy 18:21)

…the LORD hath sought him a man after his own heart, and the LORD hath commanded him to be captain over his people…(1 Samuel 13:14)

The law of his God is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide. (Psalms 37:31)

let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD. (1 Chronicles 16:10)

And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation. (1 Samuel 2:1)

And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart (Deuteronomy 6:6)

David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. (1 Samuel 21:12)

Receive, I pray thee, the law from his mouth, and lay up his words in thine heart. (Job 22:22)

David’s heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly… (2 Samuel 24:10)

And he charged them, saying, Thus shall ye do in the fear of the LORD, faithfully, and with a perfect heart. (2 Chronicles 19:9)

every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering. (Exodus 25:2)

Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. (Psalms 44:21)

And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. (1 Kings 10:2)

But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy soul. (Deuteronomy 4:29)

…that he bless himself in his heart, saying, I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, to add drunkenness to thirst: (Deuteronomy 29:19)

to keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul. (Joshua 22:5)

Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. Then I was very sore afraid, (Nehemiah 2:2)

Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. (Psalms 69:20)

In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood. (Isaiah 59:13)

He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart. (Psalms 15:2)

When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, LORD, will I seek. (Psalms 27:8)

Thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: (Deuteronomy 15:7)

…all the people shall know, even Ephraim and the inhabitant of Samaria, that say in the pride and stoutness of heart, (Isaiah 9:9)

And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land. (Exodus 11:10)

And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually. (Exodus 28:29-30)

…therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king’s sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead. (2 Samuel 13:33)

Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD… (2 Kings 22:19)

Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought… (Deuteronomy 15:9)

Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my righteousness the LORD hath brought me in to possess this land… (Deuteronomy 9:4)

Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken. (1 Samuel 1:13)

Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear? (Genesis 17:17)

they were not of double heart. (1 Chronicles 12:33)

The troubles of my heart are enlarged: O bring thou me out of my distresses. (Psalms 25:17)

The LORD is my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him. (Psalms 28:7)

His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies. (Psalms 112:8)

He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD. (Psalms 112:7)

Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day. (Deuteronomy 29:4)

Give therefore thy servant an understanding heart to judge thy people, that I may discern between good and bad: for who is able to judge this thy so great a people? (1 Kings 3:9)

Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee. (1 Kings 3:12)

Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart? (Job 38:36)

All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king. (1 Chronicles 12:38)

O continue thy lovingkindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart. (Psalms 36:10)

Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart. (Psalms 97:11)

My defence is of God, which saveth the upright in heart. (Psalms 7:10)

And Solomon said, Thou hast shewed unto thy servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before thee in truth, and in righteousness, and in uprightness of heart with thee; and thou hast kept for him this great kindness, that thou hast given him a son to sit on his throne, as it is this day. (1 Kings 3:6)

lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him… (Deuteronomy 19:6)

O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee? (Jeremiah 4:14)

a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and silver, and brass, (Exodus 35:5)

And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. (1 Kings 10:24)

Men do therefore fear him: he respecteth not any that are wise of heart. (Job 37:24)

Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish. (Psalms 73:7)

…before I had done speaking in mine heart, behold, Rebekah came… (Genesis 24:45)

For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail. (Isaiah 32:6)

Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside watching: for his heart trembled for the ark of God. (1 Samuel 4:13)

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